In August 2023, the geopolitical landscape witnessed a significant shift when BRICS, the coalition of five major emerging national economies (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa), announced its expansion. This move, which saw the inclusion of Argentina, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, signaled a potential transformation in global governance and economic power dynamics. This blog post delves into the implications of this expansion, the motivations behind it, and the challenges it poses to the traditional Western-dominated world order.

Background of BRICS

Originally formed in 2009, BRICS was intended as a platform for major emerging economies to collaborate on issues affecting global markets and to advocate for greater representation in international affairs. The acronym “BRIC” was first coined by economist Jim O’Neill in 2001, who saw these countries as a symbol of a shift towards a multipolar world order. The inclusion of South Africa in 2010 acknowledged the continent’s growing economic potential and the need for representation in global dialogues.

The Johannesburg Summit Expansion

The decision to nearly double BRICS’ membership was made at the 15th BRICS Summit in Johannesburg, a pivotal moment that many saw as a strategic win for China and a potential setback for U.S. influence globally. Media reactions varied, with some viewing it as a failure of U.S. leadership and others dismissing it as a superficial change that wouldn’t affect China’s or BRICS’ global standing significantly.

Motivations Behind the Expansion

  1. Economic Influence: The collective economic weight of BRICS nations has grown significantly, with their combined GDP now representing a substantial portion of the global economy. This expansion allows BRICS to harness more resources and leverage in international trade and economic negotiations.
  2. Strategic Interests: Each member of BRICS pursues its strategic interests, often viewing the coalition as a tool to enhance their global influence and counterbalance Western economic and political dominance.
  3. Global Governance Reform: BRICS has consistently advocated for reforming global financial and political institutions to better represent the interests of emerging economies and the Global South.

Diverging Interests and Internal Challenges

Despite the outward unity, diverging interests and internal conflicts pose significant challenges:

  • Economic Disparities: There are substantial economic disparities among BRICS members, with China and India dominating the group economically.
  • Political Tensions: Geopolitical tensions among members, such as border disputes between China and India, complicate the coalition’s coherence and effectiveness.
  • Ideological Differences: The political and economic ideologies of the members vary widely, from democratic to authoritarian regimes, impacting their collaboration and policy-making.

Is BRICS a Harbinger of a Post-Western World Order?

While BRICS presents an alternative to the Western-centric global order, its ability to fundamentally change the world dynamics remains uncertain. The expansion might strengthen its members’ bargaining power on some global issues, but the group’s internal inconsistencies and the lack of a formal, cohesive structure limit its potential to enact substantial global change.


The expansion of BRICS marks a significant moment in global politics, highlighting the shifting dynamics towards a more multipolar world. However, whether this shift will lead to a true restructuring of global governance or merely serve as a strategic alignment among emerging powers remains to be seen. As BRICS continues to grow in influence, it will undoubtedly play a crucial role in shaping future economic and political developments globally.


  1. What is BRICS? BRICS is an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. It aims to enhance cooperation between member countries and advocate for greater representation of emerging economies in global governance.
  2. Why did BRICS expand its membership? The expansion aims to increase the coalition’s economic and political influence, diversify its membership to represent more regions, and strengthen its position as a counterbalance to Western dominance in global affairs.
  3. How does the expansion affect the global order? The expansion could enhance BRICS’ leverage in international economic and political debates, challenging the dominance of Western-led institutions like the IMF and the World Bank.
  4. What challenges does BRICS face? BRICS faces challenges including internal conflicts, diverging economic policies, and political ideologies among its members, which could hinder cohesive action and long-term cooperation.
  5. Can BRICS truly challenge the Western-based global order? While BRICS can potentially challenge some aspects of the Western-dominated order, significant internal disparities and the lack of a formal structural framework limit its capacity to effect profound global changes.
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By Ryan Hite

Ryan Hite is an American author, content creator, podcaster, and media personality. He was born on February 3, 1993, in Colorado and spent his childhood in Conifer, Colorado. He moved to Littleton in 2000 and spent the remainder of his schooling years in the city. Upon graduation from Chatfield Senior High School in 2011, he attended the University of Colorado at Boulder. He graduated from the university in 2015 after studying Urban Planning, Business Administration, and Religious Studies. He spent more time in Colorado in the insurance, real estate, and healthcare industries. In 2019, he moved to Las Vegas, NV, where he continued to work in healthcare, insurance, and took his foray into media full time in 2021. His first exposure to the media industry came as a result of the experiences he had in his mid to late teens and early twenties. In 2013, he was compelled to collect a set of stories from his personal experiences and various other writings that he has had. His first book, a 365,000-word epic, Through Minds Eyes, was published in collaboration with Balboa Press. That initial book launched a media explosion. He learned all that he could about creating websites, marketing his published works, and would even contemplate the publication of other works as well. This book also inspired him to create his philosophy, his life work, that still influences the values that he holds in his life. Upon graduating college, he had many books published, blogs and other informative websites uploaded, and would embark on his continued exploration of the world of marketing, sales, and becoming an influencer. Of course, that did not come without challenges that would come his way. His trial-and-error approach of marketing himself and making himself known guided him through his years as a real estate agent, an insurance agent, and would eventually create a marketing plan from scratch with a healthcare startup. The pandemic did not initially create too many challenges to the status quo. Working from home did not affect the quality of his life. However, a series of circumstances such as continued website problems, social media shutdowns, and unemployment, caused him to pause everything between late 2020 and mid-2021. It was another period of loss of momentum and purpose for his life as he tried to navigate the world, as many people may have felt at that time. He attempted to find purpose in insurance again, resulting in failure. There was one thing that sparked his curiosity and would propel him to rediscover the thing that was gone from his life for so long. In 2021, he started his journey by taking on a full-time job in the digital media industry, an industry that he is still a part of today. It was at this point that he would also shut down the rest of the media that he had going at the time. In 2023, he announced that he would be embarking on what has become known as PROJECT30. This initiative will result in the reformation of websites, the reinvigoration of social media accounts, the creation of a Youtube channel and associated podcast, the creation of music, and the continued rediscovery of his creative potential. Unlike past projects, the purpose of this would not expound on the musings of a philosophy, the dissemination of useless news and articles, or the numerous attempts to be someone that he was not. This project is going to be about his authentic self. There are many ways to follow him as he embarks on this journey. Most of all, he wants everyone to be entertained, informed, and, in some ways, maybe a little inspired about the flourishing of the creativity that lies within the mind and soul of Ryan.

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