On May 31st, 2024, President Joe Biden made a significant announcement from the State Dining Room of the White House. The President addressed the nation, first commenting on the 34 felony convictions of his predecessor, Donald Trump, before turning to the main topic of his speech—the Israel-Hamas war. Over 11 minutes, Biden outlined America’s first comprehensive proposal to bring about a peaceful resolution to the conflict. This plan, which has received mixed reactions, represents a potential turning point in a war that has seen countless lives lost and communities destroyed.

The Proposal: An Overview

President Biden’s peace plan is presented in three stages, each aiming to move towards a lasting peace between Israel and Hamas. Biden described the plan as a culmination of months of behind-the-scenes work, emphasizing its goal to achieve a “durable end” to the war.

Stage One: Initial Ceasefire and Humanitarian Aid

The first stage of the plan, set to last six weeks, requires Israel and Hamas to agree to a complete ceasefire. This phase includes:

  • The release of a subset of Israeli hostages held in Gaza, including women, the elderly, and the wounded.
  • The release of American hostages who choose to return to the United States.
  • The release of hundreds of Palestinian prisoners held by Israel.
  • The withdrawal of Israeli forces from populated areas of Gaza.
  • Reconstruction and rehabilitation efforts in Gaza, including the introduction of 600 aid trucks per day to provide essential supplies and temporary housing for displaced civilians.

Stage Two: Permanent Cessation of Hostilities

Upon successful completion of the first stage, the second phase begins with:

  • The release of all remaining living hostages, including IDF soldiers.
  • A full withdrawal of Israeli troops from Gaza.
  • A permanent cessation of hostilities, transforming the temporary ceasefire into a lasting peace.

Stage Three: Comprehensive Reconstruction

The final stage focuses on a larger reconstruction plan for Gaza, though specifics remain undefined. Key goals include:

  • Implementing a non-Hamas leadership structure in Gaza.
  • Ensuring the return of all remaining hostages.
  • Addressing broader political changes and the potential for Palestinian statehood.

Reactions and Challenges

Biden’s proposal has been met with varied responses from different stakeholders. Some endorse the plan, seeing it as a viable path to peace, while others criticize it as unrealistic or incomplete.

Israeli Government and Public Response

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu initially expressed optimism, emphasizing that Israel’s primary goals—returning hostages and neutralizing Hamas—could be achieved through the plan. However, within Netanyahu’s coalition, reactions were mixed:

  • Finance Minister Bezalel Smotrich and National Security Minister Itamar Ben-Gvir, both from far-right parties, strongly opposed the plan, threatening to dissolve the government if it proceeded.
  • Opposition leader Yair Lapid offered conditional support, highlighting the plan’s potential to achieve peace if Netanyahu’s coalition fell apart.

Hamas and Its Allies

Hamas responded positively but cautiously, indicating a willingness to engage while also setting its own conditions, such as a complete Israeli withdrawal from Gaza and a full prisoner swap. The group’s main backer, Iran, has not endorsed the plan, complicating Hamas’s stance.

International Reactions

The proposal has garnered support from various international entities, including:

  • The G7 countries, which fully endorsed the plan.
  • UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who voiced strong support.
  • Qatar, emphasizing the need for a sovereign Palestinian state. However, crucial endorsements from Israel and Hamas remain uncertain.

The Ongoing Conflict: Current State of the War

Understanding the present state of the Israel-Hamas conflict is essential to evaluating the peace plan’s potential. As of now, fighting continues in Gaza, particularly in the southern city of Rafah, where the IDF has been targeting Hamas battalions and infrastructure.

Humanitarian Crisis

The war has resulted in a severe humanitarian crisis in Gaza, with:

  • Over 35,000 casualties, including thousands of women and children.
  • Massive displacement, with over a million people forced to flee their homes.
  • Critical shortages of food, water, and medical supplies, exacerbated by restrictions on humanitarian access.

Military Dynamics

Despite Israel’s extensive military operations, Hamas has demonstrated resilience, continuing to launch rocket attacks and engage in guerrilla tactics. This persistent insurgency challenges Israel’s objective of completely eradicating Hamas.

Prospects for Peace: Can Biden’s Plan Succeed?

The success of Biden’s peace plan hinges on several factors:

  • Israel’s ability to navigate internal political divisions and commit to the proposed stages.
  • Hamas’s willingness to negotiate in good faith and adhere to ceasefire terms.
  • International support, particularly from influential nations and organizations like the UN and the G7.


What are the main stages of Biden’s peace proposal?

Biden’s peace proposal consists of three stages: an initial six-week ceasefire and humanitarian aid phase, a second phase involving a permanent cessation of hostilities and a full withdrawal of Israeli troops, and a final phase focused on comprehensive reconstruction of Gaza.

How has Israel reacted to the peace plan?

Reactions within Israel are mixed. Prime Minister Netanyahu expressed initial optimism, but far-right coalition members opposed the plan, threatening to dissolve the government. Opposition leader Yair Lapid offered conditional support.

What is Hamas’s stance on the proposal?

Hamas responded positively but cautiously, expressing a willingness to engage while setting its own conditions, including a complete Israeli withdrawal from Gaza and a full prisoner swap.

What are the international reactions to the peace plan?

The plan has received support from the G7 countries, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, and Qatar. However, critical endorsements from Israel and Hamas are still uncertain.

What is the current state of the Israel-Hamas conflict?

The conflict continues, particularly in the southern city of Rafah. Gaza faces a severe humanitarian crisis with over 35,000 casualties, massive displacement, and critical shortages of essential supplies.

What are the key challenges to the success of the peace plan?

Key challenges include Israel’s internal political divisions, Hamas’s willingness to negotiate in good faith, and securing broad international support.


President Joe Biden’s peace proposal for the Israel-Hamas conflict represents a bold and comprehensive attempt to end one of the most enduring and devastating wars in recent history. While the plan faces significant challenges and uncertainties, it also offers a glimmer of hope for a future where peace and stability can be achieved in the Middle East. As the situation continues to evolve, the world watches closely, hoping for a resolution that brings lasting peace to the region.

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By Ryan Hite

Ryan Hite is an American author, content creator, podcaster, and media personality. He was born on February 3, 1993, in Colorado and spent his childhood in Conifer, Colorado. He moved to Littleton in 2000 and spent the remainder of his schooling years in the city. Upon graduation from Chatfield Senior High School in 2011, he attended the University of Colorado at Boulder. He graduated from the university in 2015 after studying Urban Planning, Business Administration, and Religious Studies. He spent more time in Colorado in the insurance, real estate, and healthcare industries. In 2019, he moved to Las Vegas, NV, where he continued to work in healthcare, insurance, and took his foray into media full time in 2021. His first exposure to the media industry came as a result of the experiences he had in his mid to late teens and early twenties. In 2013, he was compelled to collect a set of stories from his personal experiences and various other writings that he has had. His first book, a 365,000-word epic, Through Minds Eyes, was published in collaboration with Balboa Press. That initial book launched a media explosion. He learned all that he could about creating websites, marketing his published works, and would even contemplate the publication of other works as well. This book also inspired him to create his philosophy, his life work, that still influences the values that he holds in his life. Upon graduating college, he had many books published, blogs and other informative websites uploaded, and would embark on his continued exploration of the world of marketing, sales, and becoming an influencer. Of course, that did not come without challenges that would come his way. His trial-and-error approach of marketing himself and making himself known guided him through his years as a real estate agent, an insurance agent, and would eventually create a marketing plan from scratch with a healthcare startup. The pandemic did not initially create too many challenges to the status quo. Working from home did not affect the quality of his life. However, a series of circumstances such as continued website problems, social media shutdowns, and unemployment, caused him to pause everything between late 2020 and mid-2021. It was another period of loss of momentum and purpose for his life as he tried to navigate the world, as many people may have felt at that time. He attempted to find purpose in insurance again, resulting in failure. There was one thing that sparked his curiosity and would propel him to rediscover the thing that was gone from his life for so long. In 2021, he started his journey by taking on a full-time job in the digital media industry, an industry that he is still a part of today. It was at this point that he would also shut down the rest of the media that he had going at the time. In 2023, he announced that he would be embarking on what has become known as PROJECT30. This initiative will result in the reformation of websites, the reinvigoration of social media accounts, the creation of a Youtube channel and associated podcast, the creation of music, and the continued rediscovery of his creative potential. Unlike past projects, the purpose of this would not expound on the musings of a philosophy, the dissemination of useless news and articles, or the numerous attempts to be someone that he was not. This project is going to be about his authentic self. There are many ways to follow him as he embarks on this journey. Most of all, he wants everyone to be entertained, informed, and, in some ways, maybe a little inspired about the flourishing of the creativity that lies within the mind and soul of Ryan.

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